Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted disease STD. For basic information about Genital Herpes, see the Fact Sheet. CDC does not recommend herpes testing for people without symptoms. This is because diagnosing genital herpes in someone without symptoms has not shown any change in their sexual behavior e.
Also, false positive test test that say you have herpes when you do not actually have the virus are possible. Even if you do not have symptoms, you should talk openly and honestly about your sexual history with your doctor to find out if you should be tested for any STDs, including herpes.
Although CDC does not recommend that everyone get tested for herpes, herpes testing may be useful in some situations. Herpes blood tests also called type-specific HSV serologic tests might be useful. Please note that while a herpes blood test can help determine if you have herpes infection, it will not be able to tell you who gave you the infection. CDC recommends herpes testing for people who have genital symptoms for herpes to confirm that they are infected.
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The blisters break and leave painful sores that may take weeks to heal. Testing allows a doctor to talk with you about what to expect in the future, which medications are available to help manage any symptoms, and how you can lower your risk of spreading the infection to your sex partner s. If you have a partner with genital herpes, testing can tell if you also have the virus. If you are not infected, your doctor can talk to you about ways to lower your risk of getting genital herpes. If you are a pregnant woman and have a partner with genital herpes, it is very important to get tested.
If you get genital herpes during pregnancy your baby could also become infected. Herpes infections in babies can be life-threatening. If you are infected, your doctor will talk to you about your diagnosis and the possible symptoms of genital herpes.
Herpes simplex 1 and kissing
In addition, herpes blood testing may be useful if you are seeking a complete STD exam, especially if you have multiple sex partners. Herpes blood tests may or may not be included. Your doctor chooses STD tests based on your sexual behaviors of sex partners, if condoms are used every time, etc. This is why you should have an open and honest discussion with your doctor about your sex practices and history.
When you go in for STD testing, it is important to ask your doctor which infections you are and are not being tested for, and why. STD tests are usually done for infections that have serious outcomes if they are not treated. For example, finding and treating curable STDs like chlamydia can stop them from causing serious complications like infertility the inability to get pregnant in women.
Genital herpes does not usually result in serious outcomes in healthy, non-pregnant adults. More often, the stigma and shame from a genital herpes infection can be more troubling to someone who is infected than the disease itself.
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If you are worried about genital herpes, you should talk with your doctor about whether you should be tested. There is no evidence that diagnosing genital herpes with a blood test in someone without symptoms would change their sexual behavior and stop the virus from spreading. In addition, without knowing the benefits of testing, the risk of shaming and stigmatizing people outweighs the potential benefits. For these reasons, testing everyone for herpes is not recommended at this time.
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Even though adults with genital herpes may not have any symptoms, herpes infections in babies can be life-threatening. Women who get genital herpes during late pregnancy have a very high risk for having a baby with herpes infection, and these women may not even know they are infected. Women who get herpes during early pregnancy, or who are infected before they get pregnant can also spread herpes to their babies. Most babies with herpes get infected as they come into contact with the herpes virus while passing through the birth canal, but infection can also occur before birth congenital infection or in the weeks after birth.
If you are pregnant and think that you or your partner may have genital herpes, tell your doctor. Yes, studies show that HSV-2 infection increases the risk of getting HIV infection, even when there are no symptoms of genital herpes. HSV-2 infection can cause tiny breaks in the genital and anal area that allow HIV to enter into the body.
This increases the chance of getting HIV, if exposed.
Herpes simplex 1 and kissing
Studies show that testing for genital herpes and treating with herpes medications does not lower the risk of getting HIV. CDC is also notified, and publishes state-by-state data for these infections. Because herpes infections are not notifiable infections by law, CDC is not able to provide state-by-state data. To make this decision, they follow a of public health principles, for example, 1 whether or not it is treatable; 2 whether or not it is preventable; 3 how common it is; 4 whether or not a public health response is needed; 5 whether or not there is a good source of information on the of cases; and 6 whether or not it represents a ificant public health threat For example, how severe it is.
False positive test are test that say a person has a disease or condition when they do not actually have it. False positive can occur with many diagnostic tests, including STD tests. The chances of false positive increase as the likelihood of the infection decreases in the person being tested.
Genital herpes screening faq
False positive HSV-2 can happen, especially in people who are at low risk for a herpes infection. Also, we do not know if people who test positive for herpes will change their sexual behavior as a result of a positive test. This tells us that the harm of a possible false positive test may be a greater concern than the benefits of an actual diagnosis.
Unlike curable STDs, such as chlamydia, herpes infections are life-long, so it is especially important to avoid a false positive test. The U. NIH also maintains a database with information about clinical trials around the world External. This database includes information on all genital herpes studies that are actively recruiting volunteers.
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